an Existentialist Philosopher. Instead of seeking to make God and Christian faith perfectly intelligible he sought to emphasize the absolute transcendence by God of all human categories. The requirement of communicability and clear decision procedures can also be suspended by Gods fiat. This problem was compounded by the fact that Denmark had recently and very rapidly been transformed from a feudal society into a capitalist society. You can download a PDF of the chapter here. Like Nietzsche, he maintains a special admiration for Greek heroic values and pessimism and for classical virtues like courage and honor. Even though permission was granted he was still required to defend his dissertation publicly in Latin.
Camus, Albert Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
For Kierkegaard anxiety defines the possibility of responsibility, the exodus of man from the innocence of Eden and his participation to history. Only A Fiddler, Kierkegaard attacks Andersen for lacking life-development (. In Hegels dialectic, when contradictory positions are reconciled in a higher unity (synthesis) they are both annulled and preserved ( aufgehoben ). Dasein has already a (pre-conceptual) understanding of Being because it is the place where Being manifests itself. As free, I commit myself to this project and must reaffirm that commitment at every moment. This is also one of Heideggers principle concerns. For Kierkegaard, however, the Absurd describes not an essential and universal human condition, but the special condition and nature of religious faitha paradoxical state in which matters of will and perception that are objectively impossible can nevertheless be ultimately true.
Albert Camus (19131960) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speechesfrom terrorism and. Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology. In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and human inability to find any due to actual lack of any meaning or value.